A NEW READING OF HISTORICAL ACCOUNTS ABOUT THE RULE OF THE BARBARIAN QUEEN (ELKAHINA) AND HER RESISTANCE TO THE ISLAMIC ARMY OF CONQUEST LED BY HASSAN IBN AL-NUMAN (39-74 A.H./658-693 CE)
The article tries to study the historical texts that dealt with the character of the barbarian Queen Tahia, known as the priestess, which sparked widespread controversy during the Islamic conquest, how did she reach the ruling? And the reasons for fighting the army of Hassan bin Nu'man? And its sabotage of the countries of the Maghreb by pursuing a policy of scorched earth? The problem of the number of the Queen´s children, who are three for some, and for the others two? And their fate in the end, did they convert to Islam or were they killed in battle? And the issue of adopting a son and his brotherhood with her children? After going back to the most important sources and examining the historical texts that dealt with the subject and comparing them with each other, I concluded that: Most of those stories about Queen Tehya are closer to superstition than to historical truth, and were recorded after about a century and a half of the historical incidents, and that their owners were not honest and objective Scientific, they drew their information about people who did not live with the event but transmitted it orally, and the purpose of their stories was to try to polish the image of the conquering Umayyad army and reduce the resistance of the Moroccan queen, especially as she managed to inflict heavy losses on Hassan´s army and forced him to retreat to Cyrenaica, Libya. More importantly, the latter did not bother to send reassuring messages to the queen explaining to her the noble mission that he came for, which is spreading Islam in the countries of the Maghreb, and then resistance to Hassan's death was not a rejection of the Islamic religion as much as it was in defense of the land and the homeland.
Keywords: Tehia, Priestess, Hassan Bin Al-Numan Resistance, Subvert Africa.