GULF RECONCILIATION AND ITS IMPACT ON THE CONFLICT IN YEMEN
This study examined the impact of Gulf States reconciliation on the conflict in Yemen. The Gulf crisis that led to the blockade of Qatar from 2017 until 2021 had a severe negative impact on the Gulf military intervention in Yemen, known as Decisive Storm. The Houthi militia supported by Iran invested The Gulf States dispute to defeat the Gulf military intervention in Yemen. Accordingly, the Houthi controls the Yemeni Capital and most of the densely populated cities in the country. Contrary to what was expected, the Gulf reconciliation had no significant effect on resolving the conflict and restoring stability to Yemen. In fact, this study shows that the Yemeni conflict is no longer local as much as it became regional. It is clear that the failure of the Arab coalition in Yemen was due to the American intervention directly after the Decisive Storm being launched. The U.S. diverted the course of the Decisive Storm to serve its strategy in Yemen on the expense of the required peace. The study concluded that the conditions and policies of the Gulf States in the Yemeni crisis fall within and are affected by the conflicts of international and regional axes in the region. The Gulf States are not independent actors in this conflict.
Keywords: Military Intervention, Gulf Reconciliation, Yemen