INHIBITION AND SHIFTING IN CHILDREN WITH DYSCALCULIA
The aim of this research is to investigate and test the executive functions disorder of dyscalculia in 68 Moroccan young children aged between 8 to 9 and studying in the fifth grade in elementary public schools. These children were classified into two groups: the first group was composed of 34 children with dyscalculia. The second group was composed of 34 children from the same age and the same gender as a sample control. All children were administered individually two tests measuring the following components of executive functions: inhibition and updating. The results obtained provide support for the assumption that children who suffer from dyscalculia have deficit in the executive function (updating) compared to the group of the sample control. The findings showed that there are strong statistically significant differences (P<.0001) between the arithmetic averages of both children with dyscalculia and normal children at the level of the executive function (updating). While there are no statistically significant differences between the arithmetic averages of both dyscalculia children and normal children at the level of the interference index to measure inhibition.
Keywords: Specific Learning Disability, Dyscalculia, Executive Functions, Inhibition, Updating