The defining and non-defining of words have been thoroughly studied and analyzed in the ancient grammar given their link to all the aspects of the Arabic language, and to most of the different grammatical rules. As for some modern linguistic studies, it has studied the properties of the structure and meaning of speech and its connection with semantic and instrumental meanings and functions, in which the context plays a fundamental role in the selection of its characteristics such as singularisation , trust and designation ...
In this research, we aim to study some of the structural and semantic properties of the definite article and its role in imparting contextual and discursive factors within the semantic approach.
Based on the foregoing, the problematic of this research can be identified in the following central question: How did some semantic and exclusivist approaches address the concept of definition? And what this question calls for in terms of sub-questions can be defined in:
-What are the most important perspectives that are concerned with the meaning of the definite article and the function it performs?
- What are the roles that the definite article plays and its contribution to achieving a set of meanings of significance and excuses?
We will answer these questions through the conclusions reached, perhaps the most important of which is that the definite article can be discussed according to different perspectives: structural, semantic, and proximate, and the behavior that the definite uses in relation to achieving several connotations is mainly related to what is an excuse and rhetorical that is of interest to this contextual relationship between the speaker and the listener.
Keywords: Definition Tool, Structural Properties, The Speech, The Speaker and The Listener