LEGISLATIVE ENSHRINEMENT OF THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION IN ALGERIA IN THE LIGHT OF INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
The present study intends to shed light on the various legal texts that enshrined the right to education in Algeria through the most distinguished moments of its contemporary history, considering that the right to education is a fundamental and principal right that represents the nucleus and axis of the economic, social and cultural rights. This is why it kept a great interest by the legislator whether international, regional, from the arab world or national…. Numerous international agreements have enshrined the basic principles that crystallize the right to education as the principle of free education and the principle of its obligation through the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in 1966 and the Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989 in addition to the Convention against Discrimination in the Field of Education adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO in 1960. Algeria is considered as one of the countries that have ratified many of these conventions and enshrined them within its national system. Ordinance 76-35, which includes the regulation of education and training in Algeria, is considered the first legal text after independence to set ideological parameters and define the legal foundations of the Algerian educational system and set the frame of reference for the national policy for education and training and made education and learning from the prerogatives of the state alone, to the point of changing the state’s economic approach, which required the necessity of adapting the educational system to it with the issuance of the National Education Directive Law No. 08-04, which embodied the comprehensive endeavor of the Algerian state to reform the educational system and open the private initiative in the field of education..
Keywords: The Right To Education, The Principle of Free Education, The Principle of Compulsory Basic Education, The Principle of Equality, International Standards.