LINGUISTIC FOUNDATIONS OF TERMINOLOGY ACCORDING TO MAHMOUD FAHMY HEGAZY THE INTERSECTION OF CRITICAL TERMINOLOGY AND MODERN LINGUISTICS AS AN EXAMPLE
Linguistic research is based on two principles: the specific and the general. The specific aspect is linked to the fact that linguistics is considered as an autonomous science having its scientific characteristics which distinguish it from other human sciences. And given its particular interest in language, it has its internal and external foundations and its own objectives. It describes the structure of the language, seeks to know its secrets, explores its rules which control its fundamental structure, and among other things delves into its sound, structural and semantic characteristics in order to put a set of universal rules. As for the general aspect, it is linked to the relationship existing between linguistics and the other sciences: a relationship of mutual influence. Linguistic research has played a major role in the institution of contemporary Arab critical terminology starting from its beginning in the 1960s. Critical research aims to institute critical terminology according to a system influenced by the descriptive approach in the institution of thematic and conceptual oriented terminology. This article aims to highlight the collaborative relationship between linguistic research and critical research. So what are the limits of this collaboration, What are the linguistic bases of terminology according to the perception of Mahmoud Fahmy Hegazy in his The Linguistic Foundations of Terminology as a model reflecting the efforts of Arabs in the field of critical linguistics.
Keywords: Linguistic Foundations, Terminology, Critical Terminology, Modern Linguistic Terminology.