ORIENTALISTS AND THEIR VIEW OF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE IN THE FIRST MAMLUK AGE (STANLEY LANE-POOLE) AS A MODEL
Orientalism is an intellectual trend concerned with the study of the civilization of Eastern nations in general and and it developed to study Islam in particular. Some of those who studied at the field of some orientalists, as they saw in them, for example in the methodology Sincerity, accuracy and other praiseworthy epithets. In fact, Orientalism occupied a large place in Arab writings, because the Western civilization in which Orientalism arose is the dominant civilization at the present time. Orientalists wrote on various Islamic issues, starting from the Holy Qur’an and its interpretation and Prophet’s Sunnah as well as Islamic history to writing about the Arabic language and its literature and various aspects related to Islam and the lives of Muslims socially, economically and politically. In addition to that, they paid attention to the urban aspect and devoted large areas to this in their writings to talk about urban expansion in the successive ages in Islamic history the interest of the sultans, rulers, princes and other groups of Islamic society in this aspect. The British orientalists devoted various studies to the Mamluks in general and the urban aspect in particular. Their studies focused mainly on cities, castles, schools, mosques, shrines and other matters. The most prominent of the books on the urban aspect of the British orientalists is (Stanley Lane-Poole - 1853/1931), who lived in the nineteenth century, in addition to his various other studies on Islamic history and the Mamluks. Key words:
Keywords: Orientalists, Stanley Lane-Poole, Mamluk Age, Urbanism, Mosques, Schools.