Year:2022   Volume: 4   Issue: 5   Area:

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Nada Mousa ABBAS


Certainly, the fruit of science is working with it, and accordingly, the ‎philosopher and historian Miskaweh wanted his book “The Experiences of ‎Nations” to be a historical source, a moral aid, and a good repository of ‎examples on which he applied his concepts with his moral philosophy, ‎combining Greek philosophy and Islamic law on the one hand, and history ‎Ethics, on the other hand‏ ‏‎, Making a revolution in the field of historical ‎writing for Muslims‏ ‏‎!‎ Miskawayh stipulated that whoever opposes historical writing should ‎be characterized by virtuous moral traits, in order to give his historical ‎material a scientific value, and to make judgments from an ethical point of ‎view; In strict adherence to the truth, adopting complete impartiality and ‎not compromising it and steadfastness on it, and being careful in explaining ‎the direct and indirect causes when analyzing the historical event. ‎Miskawayh applied these conditions, starting with himself, to confirm his ‎credibility; He showed scientific objectivity, complete political ‎impartiality, balance and rationality in his analyzes and moral judgments ‎on the characters of events, selecting historical positions to write about ‎and criticizing them.‎ ‏Miskawayh’s principle in his writing of history was that “there is no ‎morality without a human being, and there is no human being without ‎morals.” His view of ethics was that it “sprang from the soul and not from ‎the body.” Therefore, he considered history the best effective tool for ‎purifying souls and directing them in the right direction towards human ‎happiness; By learning and training him on the virtues of sound character, ‎and rejecting their opposite, by explaining the actions that result from the ‎soul, whether in good or evil, and in light of this, the historian can explain ‎the reasons for the emergence, growth and demise of states.‎ The main objective of the research is to study the impact of ‎Miskawayh's moral philosophy on judging historical events according to ‎Miskawayh, especially as he analyzed the factors causing direct and ‎indirect events. The question here is what distinguished Miskaweh from ‎his predecessors who wrote history‏ ‏‎? On what basis or base did ‎Miskaweeh build his moral philosophy, and his point of view in judging ‎historical events‏ ‏‎?!‎

Keywords: The Ethical Direction, Miskaweh

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