THE MECHANISM OF SEMANTIC ANALYSIS IN LINGUISTIC TEXTS THE POEM
Most of our students find some difficulties in analyzing linguistic texts, especially those who do not have neither linguistic talent nor intuition, and we must find an easy way to benefit them, so I did not find easier than asking questions using the interrogative tool (why), and after answering them, Starting with the lexical domain: the reason for choosing a word instead of its synonym, and looking at its exact meaning, sounds, and syllables, and the morphological domain: the reason for choosing a morphological form instead of another, such as the "base noun" instead of "increased noun" or "increased with a letter" instead of "increased with two letters", or "with a hamza" instead of "with double", and so on., And the grammatical domain: the reason for choosing a grammatical structure instead of another, such as submission and delay, the use of the nominal phrase instead of the verb phrase and vice versa, or to use of the addition instead of the omission, and so on. We must mention that any change in any of these domains affects the phonemic aspect, as synonyms have different sounds, and morphological forms may also change by changing their sounds, their sounds may increase, decrease, or change the sound syllables change in terms of type and number as well. The same is the case with changing grammatical structures, as the positions of words and their diacritics may change, and they are phonemes. The analysis mechanism develops linguistic skills and teaches the ability to distinguish the linguistic image at all linguistic levels. Language is not an ordinary means of communication, but rather a means that reveals the feelings that are hidden within the human soul and expresses them as body language, to reach the recipient. If he is a skilled linguist, he will understand that more than others. Based on this, we chose a recent linguistic text by the Iraqi poet Professor Dr. Ahmed Jarallah Yassin, an instructor at the Faculty of Arts at the University of Mosul in Iraq. The reason we chose this poem is that it simulates the life of those who lived in Iraq in the seventies, a difficult, dangerous, sad, painful, frightening life full of problems and worries that kill hope and wish to end the war and let love replace all that befalls destruction, devastation, ignorance, disease, and poverty, even children’s games were only weapons, which do not pay a price for human life and do not develop the spirit of help, but rather encourage revenge and killing.
Keywords: Semantic Analysis, Man-Made Legislation, Islamic Law, Human Behavior, The Wise Street.