TRAVEL LITERATURE AND ITS ROLE IN LINKING THE HISTORICAL AND INTELLECTUAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE EAST AND THE MAGHREB: THE JOURNEY OF MUHAMMAD HAJJI BOUCHAARA AS A MODEL
Historical knowledge is a human one consisting of multiple sources and stripes that carries with it diverse and abundant information that concerns a specific period of history for a nation. The trip is considered an essential source of this historical knowledge, as it relies on direct awareness of events and it is not satisfied with transmission and hearing only, which makes it a living testimony to historical facts that may not be included in the history books themselves. It is worth mentioning that the history of Morocco has not been without a book about the journey through the ages, which highlights the interest of Moroccans in this literature to the extent that it has become one of the characteristics of the Moroccan literature, so that Professor Mohamed El Fassi believes that “the most important thing with which Morocco participated in building the edifice of general Arab culture And with juris prudence research, the art of the journey”. The Moroccans have achieved the best luck in this field. Indeed, we can say with confidence and reassurance that the Moroccans have excelled and gained the advantage of being a pioneer and leader in the field of travel. If the historical sources have recorded the names of a large number of Moroccan travellers who roamed the horizons, there are those whom we do not find mentioned , so it can be imagined that a large number of Moroccan trips have been lost or are still hidden in forgotten shelves that have not yet been reached,explored or studied. An example of this is Bouchaara's Hajj trip, whose owner is unknown - despite his scientific status - in the Moroccan and Arab cultural circles. In particular, we mention: Youssef Al-Nabahani. Thus, we have uncovered a cultured Moroccan figure who remained unknown despite the fact that he left a scientific work that enriched the Moroccan treasury. From here came our conviction to present the authentic journey of Bouchaara, so who is this traveller? What are the conditions of his trip and what are its main raised issues ? Where does its importance lay? And what did it add to the series of Moroccan pilgrimages that Moroccans have been taking? These are a set of questions that we will try hard to answer through this research .
Keywords: Travel Literatur, Linking The Historical and Intellectual Relationships