THE CONTRIBUTION OF COOPERATIVE ENTREPRENEURSHIP TO JOB CREATION: FROM A THEORETICAL POINT OF VIEW
Cooperative entrepreneurship as a particular form of social entrepreneurship occupies an important place in the national economy, it plays a considerable role in job creation, insofar as it represents an important part in socio-economic development programs. economy of the country. This entrepreneurship opens promising ways to fight against poverty, exclusion, unemployment, and the integration of small producers into the labor market. The decisive role that the cooperative sector represents in the improvement of economic and social conditions, at the territorial level, is no longer to be demonstrated, it is even considered as the best alternative to the failures of the private sector and constitutes a real added value. society for the territories. Indeed, this sector has opened great horizons, on the one hand, for the creation of economic and social projects whose main ambition is to create jobs and improve living conditions and, on the other hand, to the identification of opportunities to respond to the specific needs of a vulnerable population marginalized by the capitalist economy. This cooperative sector acts to enable men to find a sustainable and decent job opportunity. Social entrepreneurship is no longer a "third sector", intermediary between private and public, but it is asserting itself as a mode of entrepreneurship for the future, bringing innovative responses to both environmental and economic challenges. Through its modes of production and governance, it offers an answer to the problem of employment. To this end, we propose to show that cooperative entrepreneurship as a particular form of social entrepreneurship could provide an obvious framework for the problem of job creation through a literature review. We try to elucidate the role of this model of cooperative entrepreneurship in job creation, in other words we will question the theory to clarify this contribution.
Keywords: Social Entrepreneurship, Cooperative Entrepreneurship, Employment, Socio-Economic Development..