THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN LIMITING THE EFFECTS OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON WOMEN
The impacts of hazardous events are not gender-neutral. Women are often at greater risk due to the lack of appropriate and timely information about the imminent risks as a result of the dangerous and striking spread of the Covid-19 pandemic. Therefore, international organizations must address the impact of natural disasters during the pandemic. The current research aims to highlight the role of international organizations in reducing the pandemic on women, addressing the general framework of the study. Previous studies dealt with the first study (The Labor Organization: Because of the Corona pandemic, the world will lose the equivalent of 195 million full-time jobs, including 5 million in Arab countries) As for the second study (United Nations, the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on women), and the third study (The United Nations and the response to address the impact of the Corona virus disease of 2019 (Covid-19) on women and girls), as for the second chapter: the challenges that women face during the spread of the pandemic and the role of organizations International dealt with this chapter First: The World Health Organization and its role in supporting women in facing Covid-19 This topic also dealt with a comprehensive strategy to prevent infection Second: The International Labor Organization and its role in supporting women during the spread of Covid-19 Third: The United Nations and its role in supporting women during the pandemic Fourth: The Global Fund for Women, Fifth: The International Organization of Women for Women, Sixth: The International Agency for the Development of Women, and finally the study dealt with the most important recommendations, the most important of which are: First: Coordinated work between international organizations and governmental institutions on unifying effective efforts to serve women, especially during the pandemic Second: Focusing on serving marginalized women in areas that have witnessed a high incidence of Covid-19 and the need to work on empowering them economically, socially and healthily. This work will be coordinated with important international organizations such as the World Health Organization, the International Labor Organization and others. Third: Concluding international agreements and treaties, in coordination and cooperation with relevant ministries such as the Ministry of Interior, Defense and Human Rights, with international organizations in order to provide full support to women survivors of violence and work on their rehabilitation. Fourth: Coordination and cooperation between international organizations and research centers affiliated with Iraqi universities, especially the Center for Women's Studies, to study the most important obstacles that hinder women's empowerment in poor areas, in which the percentage of women who lack a breadwinner, widows, and divorcees abound.
Keywords: The International Organizations, The Covıd-19 Pandemic, Women