The study aims to identify the organizational challenges facing school administrators in Tulkarem directorate from the point of view of the school principals themselves. In addition, it shows the impact of the variables related to the gender, qualification, experience and geographical location on organizational challenges.
An online questionnaire was used as a tool to collect data. The study sample consisted of 138 male and female principals selected randomly. Moreover, the descriptive analytical approach was used to analyze the data through the SPSS statistical analysis software, and to draw the conclusions.
The results of the research have shown that the section stating the principals' lack of familiarity with new developments in management science and the lack of valid basic data needed to prepare plans was great. In addition, the arithmetic average was very big for the sections stating the following: the proliferation of generalizations and decisions in such a way which makes following up their implementation take time and effort at the expense of other work, obligating schools to follow rules and instructions to the letter, poor cooperation between the school administration and senior levels of administration, and the regulations established on ideal grounds are difficult to be realistically complied with at schools. Moreover, the results have indicated that there were no individual differences in the most common organizational administrative challenges among public school principals in Tulkarem governorate according to gender, specialization, qualification and years of experience.
The researcher recommends that schools should be provided with integral administrative staff, schools should be also provided with equipment and materials, principals should be given more authority especially with regard to students' problems, teachers should be provided and their teaching loads should be reduced, accurate scientific criteria should be established for selecting and training members of school administration, overlapping of school administration specialties should be avoided, and communication channels should be established between the school administration and educational administration.
Keywords: Organizational Challenges, Organizational Structure, Governmental Schools, Tulkarm District.